The Private Pilot Licence, or PPL, permits you to act as the pilot in command of an aircraft for private use.
It is the first step on the way to a career in commercial aviation.
The PPL(A), or Private Pilot Licence, Airplane, is obtained over 45 hours of flight training. Of this minimum 45 hours of flight training, at least 25 hours will be flown with an instructor and at least 10 hours of solo flying must be carried out. The 10 hours of solo must include 5 hours solo ‘cross country’ time – this will include a qualifying cross country flight of at least 270 km (150 nm), during which you will land at two aerodromes other than your home airfield. The remaining 10 hours can be a combination of dual and solo flying as the instructor and student prefers.
Ground training is covered alongside the flight training. Topics such as navigation, meteorology, aircraft technical knowledge and human performance are studied both in the classroom and at home. There are four written exams to be taken in these subject areas which must be passed before applying for the final flight test.
Before being sent solo, the student pilot must obtain a Medical Class 2 certificate issued by an Authorized Medical Examiner (see the Aeromedical section of the Irish Aviation Association website.) and demonstrate to their instructor that they can fly the aircraft safely and competently as Pilot in Command. The day you complete your first solo is the day you truly become a pilot!
The final flight test will be conducted by an designated IAA examiner and must take place within 6 months of completing flight instruction and within 2 years of passing the first written exam. You must have at least 5 hours dual or solo in the preceding 90 days.
Timing & Cost
The PPL(A) can be obtained over the course of weeks or months depending on each student’s ability, schedule and financial position. Most people will consider the cost as the most significant factor in obtaining their PPL. Although 45 hours is the minimum required before doing the PPL flight test, students with varying abilities and time schedules can expect to have completed differing amounts of training before obtaining their license. Statistically, students flying regularly (for example once or twice a week) will get their license quicker than those who fly irregularly and / or less frequently. A very general outline of the costs involved is given below:
- Instructor €40 per hour.
- Aircraft €150 per Hobbs hour for the Cessna 172.
- Ground School 1-on-1 instructor-student study and home study as required.
- Club Membership €240 per year. (€210 if paid in January)
- Materials/Equipment Initially you will need an aviation headset and a log book to start logging flight time. As you progress, you will need a current navigation chart, flight computer, protractor, ruler and kneeboard, sunglasses. Many pilots will also buy theory books for the groundschool course.
- Licence, Medical & Exam Fees are regulated by the IAA. See here for current charges.
What do I do now that I have my PPL?
The newly-licensed Private Pilot has many options for further flying. Those who wish to enter a career in commercial aviation or flight instruction can begin hour building towards the Commercial Pilot’s License (CPL) here at Waterford Aero Club. We offer fantastic hour building packages and a night rating course. If you want to keep flying as a hobby then there are even more options. You can get checked-out on more complex and powerful aircraft in order to tour the country and continent. A Touring Motor Glider (TMG) rating allows you to fly motor gliders and delve into the world of glider flying. A course in aerobatics and unusual attitudes encourages pilots to enhance their general handling skills and theoretical knowledge of flight dynamics. We also offer Flight Instructor and Class Rating Instructor courses to enable a licence-holder to give instructional flights.
Do I have to renew my PPL?
An EASA PPL is a non-expiring “lifetime” licence. The use of licence privileges is dependent upon the validity of the ratings included in the licence and the validity of the associated medical certificate. Usually, for a first-time PPL, the rating will be for a Single Engine Piston Land aircraft (SEPL). The SEPL rating must be renewed every 24 months and requires you to have:
- Flown 12 hours in the preceding 12 months prior to revalidation, and …
- …flown 6 of these hours Pilot in Command.
- Flown at least 1 continuous hour with an instructor within the previous 12 months.
- Done 12 take-offs and landings within the previous 12 months.
A pilot may opt to undertake a flight test with an examiner instead of 1, 2, 3 and 4 above. To carry passengers you must have completed at least 3 take-offs and landings as Pilot in Command in the previous 90 days.
The Class 2 Medical Certificate must be renewed every 5 years up until the age of 40, and every 2 years thereafter. The renewal examination for the certificate may be carried out up to 45 days before the expiry date and a consecutive period of validity will be granted.
|1||Familiarisation with the aeroplane|
|2||Preparation for flight and action after flight|
|4||Effects of controls|
|6||Straight and level flight|
|12||Take-off and climb to downwind position|
|13||Circuit, approach and landing|
|12/13e||Emergencies (on take-off/landing)|
|16||Forced landing without power|
|18b||Navigation at lower levels and reduced visibility|
|19||Basic instrument flight|
Already a pilot?
Waterford Aero Club is the ideal destination for those students wishing to pursue a professional career in aviation. Our students can complete their hour building prior to commencing a commercial pilot licence either on a pay-as-you-fly basis or by taking advantage of our tailored hour building packages.